Wednesday, August 20, 2014

The claim that Hadith/Sunnah is authorized in the Quran is a deception.

Definition of Hadith
In Islamic terminology, the term hadith refers to reports of statements or actions of Muhammad, or of his tacit approval or criticism of something said or done in his presence. Classical hadith specialist Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani says that the intended meaning of hadith in religious tradition is something attributed to Muhammad but that is not found in the Quran. Other associated words possess similar meanings including: khabar (news, information) often refers to reports about Muhammad, but sometimes refers to traditions about his companions and their successors from the following generation; conversely, athar (trace, vestige) usually refers to traditions about the companions and successors, though sometimes connotes traditions about Muhammad. The word sunnah (custom) is also used in reference to a normative custom of Muhammad or the early Muslim community. The authority of applying the Hadith or the Sunnah is perceived to be the initiative by people who believe that Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) received inspiration beyond the Quran.
Obey God obey the Messenger
There are many verses in the Quran telling the believers to obey God and obey the Messenger. A simple verse will shows the following:
And obey Allah and the Messenger; that ye may obtain mercy. (Surah 3:132)
O ye who believe! Obey Allah and His Messenger, and turn not away from him when ye hear (him speak). (Surah 8:20)
It is such as obey Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah and do right, that will win (in the end),
(Surah 24:52)
Thus from the above verses taking the simple meaning that whoever obey the Messenger naturally he is obeying God Who issue the command in the Quran for the whole of mankind to obey.
However the hadith pundits claimed that since both God and the Messenger are being mentioned then obey Allah is to mean to obey God command in the Quran and obey the Messenger is to obey the hadith/sunnah of the Prophet. They believe that not only God issue command, the Prophet can also issue commands besides the Quran. This is the basis of the argument by those in favor of the hadith/sunnah practices.
The following verses of the Quran were applied by Hadith pundits that disobedient to the Sunnah label the rejecter to be heretical and a hypocrites:
And when it is said to them, come unto what God has sent down and unto the messenger, you (O Prophet) see the hypocrites turn from you in aversion (Surah 4:61).
Our Lord, and raise in their midst a messenger from among them who would recite for them your signs and teach them the book and the wisdom and sanctify them (or make them grow). You are the one mighty, the wise (Surah 2:129).
Fight those who do not believe in Allâh and the Hereafter and do not hold unlawful what Allâh and His Messenger have made unlawful. (Surah 9:29)
No believer, neither man nor woman, has a right, when Allâh and His Messenger decide a matter, to have a choice in their matter in issue. And whoever disobeys Allâh and His Messenger has gone astray into manifest error. (Surah 33:36)
But no, by your Lord, they shall not be (deemed to be) believers unless they accept you as judge in their disputes, then find in their hearts no adverse feeling against what you decided, but surrender to it in complete submission. (Surah 4:65)
Further The Holy Qur'ân says:
Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him:  (Surah 53:2-4)
Whatever the Messenger gives you, take it; and whatever he forbids you, refrain from it. (Surah 59:7)
It is therefore claimed that with the above verses whoever do not obey the Hadith or the Sunnah of the Messenger is therefore heretical and should be punished
However all the above verses when read with the adjoining verses or with other supporting verses gives an entire different disposition. To obey God is to obey the Messenger who follows God’s command in the Quran. The Messenger has no prerogative to instill his own religious regulations, he has to abide only that of God’s as shown in the Quran. The following verses forbid the Messenger to promulgate his own decrees:
And if the messenger were to invent any sayings in Our name, We should certainly seize him by his right hand.  And We should certainly then cut off the artery of his heart: Nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath). But verily this is a Message for the God-fearing.  (Surah 69:44-48)
On the Surah 4:61 when the Messenger gave them the Quran you will see the hypocrites turn in aversion. Aversion towards the Messenger does not mean aversion towards the Hadith or the Sunnah but it is clearly referring to the command in the Quran in that verse. The verse below shows it was not the Messenger they hate but:
We know indeed the grief which their words do cause thee: It is not thee they reject: it is the ayat of Allah, which the wicked contemn. (Surah 6:33)
The following verses confirm all of the verses that claim aversion is actually pointing towards aversion to the Quran by the hypocrites not as the Hadith pundits interpreted of the “Prophet’s Sunnah”:
The Arabs of the desert are the worst in Unbelief and hypocrisy, and most fitted to be in ignorance of the command which Allah hath sent down to His Messenger: But Allah is All-knowing, All-Wise. (Surah 9:97)
The Hypocrites are afraid lest a Surah should be sent down about them, showing them what is (really passing) in their hearts. Say: "Mock ye! But verily Allah will bring to light all that ye fear (should be revealed). (Surah 9:64)
Further the Surah 2:129, Surah 9:29, Surah 33:36 and Surah 4:65 all these are instruction to follow and obey the Book of Allah it was never meant to follow any other books on the Hadith or the Sunnah and this is stated clearly in the following verse of the Quran which the Messenger promised to do:
Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), and stand steadfast as thou art commanded nor follow thou their vain desires; but say: "I believe in the Book which Allah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justly between you…..(Surah 42:15)
On their claim that everything the Messenger say and did was inspiration made up of the Quran and the Hadith/Sunnah as stated in the verse at Surah 53:3-4 “Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him” is far from the truth. The inspiration is only with those related to the Quran but while he was not receiving inspiration he was behaving as a normal man. The example of being an ordinary man is stated:
And they say: "What sort of a messenger is this, who eats food, and walks through the streets? Why has not an angel been sent down to him to give admonition with him? (Surah 25:7)
We did send messengers before thee, and appointed for them wives and children: and it was never the part of a messenger to bring a sign except as Allah permitted (or commanded). For each period is a Book (revealed). (Surah 13:38)
And as a normal man he makes mistake which is certainly cannot comes in the form of inspiration as shown in the following examples:
Reprimand by God for making his personal prohibition cannot be inspiration
O Prophet! Why holdest thou to be forbidden that which Allah has made lawful to thee? Thou seekest to please thy consorts. But Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah 66:1)
He treated a blind man unfavorably was also his own and not inspiration
(The Prophet) frowned and turned away, because there came to him the blind man (interrupting). But what could tell thee but that perchance he might grow (in spiritual understanding)? Or that he might receive admonition, and the teaching might profit him?   As to one who regards Himself as self-sufficient,
To him dost thou attend; Though it is no blame to thee if he grow not (in spiritual understanding). But as to him who came to thee striving earnestly, And with fear (in his heart), Of him wast thou unmindful
(Surah 80:1-10)
He refused initially to obey the command to marry the wife of his adopted son out of fear and shamed to his people was again not an inspiration from God.
Behold! Thou didst say to one who had received the grace of Allah and thy favour: "Retain thou (in wedlock) thy wife, and fear Allah." But thou didst hide in thy heart that which Allah was about to make manifest: thou didst fear the people, but it is more fitting that thou shouldst fear Allah. Then when Zaid had dissolved (his marriage) with her, with the necessary (formality), We joined her in marriage to thee: in order that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the Believers in (the matter of) marriage with the wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have dissolved with the necessary (formality) (their marriage) with them. And Allah's command must be fulfilled. (Surah 33:37)
All the above are examples that apart from the Quran the claim that the Hadith and Sunnah were inspiration were therefore false.
Finally the most popular verse used by pundits hooked by Bokhari, Muslim and the like to justify the hadith and sunnah practices in entirety covering all aspect of the religion of Islam is none other which is stated is the Surah 59:7 which says “So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear Allah; for Allah is strict in Punishment.” The hadith pundits claimed this is the verse that legitimate all hadith and sunnah to be follow by all Muslims. Yet the verse if read in full is only describing the fair distribution of the booty by the Messenger among his community and nothing more than that. The whole verse is as stated below:
What Allah has bestowed on His Messenger (and taken away) from the people of the townships, belongs to Allah, to His Messenger and to kindred and orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; In order that it may not (merely) make a circuit between the wealthy among you. So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear Allah; for Allah is strict in Punishment. (Surah 59:7)
Thus the belief in the Hadith or the Sunnah as an inspiration besides the Quran is a flaw and a fabrication to exploit the good name of our Prophet Muhammad the Messenger of God (Pbuh) for their benefits. The claim that the hadith and sunnah is from God is well dispel in the Quran by the following verses stated below:
Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands, and then say: "This is from Allah," to traffic with it for miserable price! Woe to them for what their hands do write, and for the gain they make thereby. (Surah 2:79)
There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues: (As they read) you would think it is a part of the Book, but it is no part of the Book; and they say, "That is from Allah," but it is not from Allah: It is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it! (Surah 3:78)
There is no legitimate hadith or sunnah of the Prophet except those found in the Quran
Do they see nothing in the government of the heavens and the earth and all that Allah hath created? (Do they not see) that it may well be that their terms is nigh drawing to an end? In what Hadith after this (Quran) will they then believe? (Surah 7:185)
Allah has revealed (from time to time) the most beautiful Hadith in the form of a Book, consistent with itself, (yet) repeating (its teaching in various aspects): the skins of those who fear their Lord tremble thereat; then their skins and their hearts do soften to the celebration of Allah's praises. Such is the guidance of Allah: He guides therewith whom He pleases, but such as Allah leaves to stray, can have none to guide. (Surah 39:23)
(This was Our) Sunnah with the messengers We sent before thee: thou wilt find no change in Our sunnah.  

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