Thursday, September 4, 2014

Fabrication of the Hadith were committed during the Prophet's


The history of the fabrication of the hadith
Although God said that the Quran is complete and He did not leave anything out and that it is explained in detail there were skeptics that claimed that the Prophet (Pbuh) received inspiration beyond that of the Quran. Besides the Quran they fabricated the hadith and the sunnah of the Prophet. These contradicted with the Quran which stated that it is complete and is explained in detail. The following verses confirmed the status of the Quran as the only guidance for the Prophet to propagate:

There is not an animal (that lives) on the earth or a being that flies on its wings, but (forms part of) communities like you. Nothing have we omitted from the Book, and they (all) shall be gathered to their Lord in the end. (Surah 6:38)

Say: "Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? - when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail." They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt. (Surah 6:114)

One day We shall raise from all Peoples a witness against them, from amongst themselves: and We shall bring thee as a witness against these (thy people): and We have sent down to thee the Book explaining all things, a Guide, a Mercy, and Glad Tidings to Muslims. (Surah 16:89)

And We have explained to man, in this Qur'an, every kind of similitude: yet the greater part of men refuse (to receive it) except with ingratitude! (Surah 17:89)

As for the notion that hadiths were written as early as the Prophet's time, this is historically correct but the Prophet by himself and those who ruled after him condemned these writings and looked at those who wrote these hadiths with disgrace. The Quran make reference of early attempt of the people during the Prophet’s time to change the Quran or altered it but received appropriate divine reaction:

But when Our Clear Signs are rehearsed unto them, those who rest not their hope on their meeting with Us, Say: "Bring us a reading other than this, or change this," Say: "It is not for me, of my own accord, to change it: I follow naught but what is revealed unto me: if I were to disobey my Lord, I should myself fear the penalty of a Great Day (to come)."  (Surah10:15)

This is because Allah protected the Prophet from being enticed to deviate from propagating the true messages of the Quran. The following verses of the Quran showed such failed attempt by others to influence the Prophet:

And their purpose was to tempt thee away from that which We had revealed unto thee, to substitute in our name something quite different; (in that case), behold! They would certainly have made thee (their) friend! (Surah 17:73)

But for the Grace of Allah to thee and his Mercy, a party of them would certainly have plotted to lead thee astray. But (in fact) they will only lead their own souls astray, and to thee they can do no harm in the least. For Allah hath sent down to thee the Book and wisdom and taught thee what thou knewest not (before): And great is the Grace of Allah unto thee. (Surah 4:113)

So whenever skeptics came with suggestion to have other options contrary to that of God’s rulings the Prophet was commanded to say the following:

"I am forbidden to worship those - others than Allah - whom ye call upon." Say: "I will not follow your vain desires: If I did, I would stray from the path, and be not of the company of those who receive guidance." (Surah 6:56)

Say: "I tell you not that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me." Say: "Can the blind be held equal to the seeing?" Will ye then consider not? (Surah 6:50)

And the Prophet was warned not to invent any other saying except that of Allah and this reminder ensures that it is only the Quran that is being written:

(This is) a Message sent down from the Lord of the Worlds. And if the messenger were to invent any sayings in Our name, We should certainly seize him by his right hand, And We should certainly then cut off the artery of his heart: Nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath). But verily this is a Message for the God-fearing. (Surah 69:43-48)

Hadith and the Khalifah Al-Rashideen (guided khalifah)

The four guided Khalifah who ruled the Muslim Umma (nation) after the death of the prophet Muhammad, respected the command of the Prophet and prohibited the writing and collection of hadiths. They accepted that the Quran is fully detailed and that it is the only source of the religion of Islam (Surah 6:114).

Islamic history mentioned the story of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab restraining four of the Prophet's companions because of their insistence on telling hadiths, these were Ibn Masoud, Abu Al-Dardaa, Abu Masoud Al-Ansary and Abu Tharr Al-Ghaffary. Omar called Abu Hurairah a liar and threatened to send him back to Yemen where he came from if he does not stop telling these lies about the Prophet Muhammad. He stopped until Omar died then started again.

Abu Hurairah narrated more hadiths than anybody else including Abu Bakr, Omar, Ali, and Aisha who lived with the Prophet all their lives. In less than two years of being with the Prophet, Abu Hurairah narrated more hadiths than all these companions of the Prophet altogether. He narrated 5374 hadiths. Ibn Hanbal quoted 3848 of his hadiths in his book.

The Quran described this kind of personalities who happen to live during the time of the Prophet as those who plot behind the Prophet’s back to write things different from what the Prophet preached as stated in the following verse of the Quran:

They have "Obedience" on their lips; but when they leave thee, a section of them meditate all night on things very different from what thou tellest them. But Allah records their nightly (plots): So keep clear of them and put thy trust in Allah, and enough is Allah as a disposer of affairs. (Surah 4:81)

Not only those who spent little time with Prophet being the culprit manipulating the true message of God but there were also among the Jews who fabricated the hadith to deviate the Muslims from the Quran :

O Messenger! let not those grieve thee, who race each other into unbelief: (whether it be) among those who say "We believe" with their lips but whose hearts have no faith; or it be among the Jews, men who will listen to any lie, will listen even to others who have never so much as come to thee. They change the words from their (right) times and places: they say, "If ye are given this, take it, but if not, beware!" If any one's trial is intended by Allah, thou hast no authority in the least for him against Allah. For such - it is not Allah's will to purify their hearts. For them there is disgrace in this world, and in the Hereafter a heavy punishment. (Surah 5:41)

The objective of these perpetrators is to divert the Muslims from practicing true Islam from the Quran towards other man made falsehood in order to attain a miserable gain in the life of this world out of their fabrication.

The Guided khalifah who ruled the Muslim Umma after the death of the prophet Muhammad respected the Prophet's wish in not writing anything but the Quran and denounced any attempt of writing the hadiths and sunnah. Their example was followed for the first two centuries after the Prophet's death. By that time, the lies about the Prophet Muhammad was widespread and the people deserted the Quran to look for hadiths. And the Quran depicted this event without obscurity:

Then the Messenger will say: "O my Lord! Truly my people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense." (Surah 25:30)

The early writings of hadith

This prohibition of hadiths was continued until Omar Ibn Abdel-Aziz permitted the writing of hadiths and sunnah, then many books appeared containing hadiths, e.g. Ibn Greeg, Malik Ibn Anas, Mohammed Ibn Is'haq. The most famous from among these were the book of Malik Ibn Anas, (Al-Muwattaa) which had about 500 hadiths. At the end of the second century the books known as (Masaned) appeared, e.g. the Masnad of Ahmed Ibn Hanbal that has about 40,000 hadiths. In the first half of the third century the famous six books of hadiths appeared and these are the books used by many of the scholars these days. 1- Sahih Bukhari. 2- Sahih Moslem. 3- Sunan Abu Daoud. 4-Sunan Al-Termethy. 5-Sunan Al-Nesaay. 6- Sunan Ibn Mageh.

In these books a new religion was written that dominated over the Quran despite the claim for the opposite. In writing these books, the authors did not care if the hadiths were contradicting the Quran or the other hadiths or even common sense. In reality they fulfilled the promise of God in the Quran:

 Likewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy, evil ones among men and jinns, inspiring each other with flowery discourses by way of deception. If thy Lord had so planned, they would not have done it: so leave them and their inventions alone. To such (deceit) let the hearts of those incline, who have no faith in the hereafter: let them delight in it, and let them earn from it what they may. (Surah 6:112-113)

 But there are, among men, those who purchase idle tales (lahwah hadith), without knowledge to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah and throw ridicule (on the Path): for such there will be a Humiliating Penalty. (Surah 31:6)

Whether these people realized it or not that nothing can be compared to believing in the true Words of God in the Quran and God made a warning His Words is adequate and the consequence of defying His Words:

 Allah! There is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose hadith can be truer than Allah's? (Surah 4:87)

Do they see nothing in the government of the heavens and the earth and all that Allah hath created? (Do they not see) that it may well be that their terms is nigh drawing to an end? In what hadith after this will they then believe? (Surah 7:185)

"But those who strive against Our ayat to frustrate them, they will be Companions of the Fire."

(Surah 22:51)